At its heart, the UNESCO listed Old City (İçəri Şəhər) lies within an exotically crenelated arc of the fortress wall. Around this are gracefully illuminated stone mansions and pedestrianized tree-lined streets filled with exclusive boutiques. In the last decade, countless towers have mushroomed, dwarfing or replacing tatty old Soviet apartment blocks. Some of the finest new builds are jaw-dropping masterpieces. Meanwhile, romantic couples canoodle their way around wooded parks and hold hands on the boulevard (promenade), where greens and opal blues make a mockery of Baku’s desert-ringed location.
Guba is one of the regions closest to Azerbaijan’s capital and favorite with tourists.
Any vacation has taken there should include the picturesque landscapes of Gachrash and Tangaalti and the Jewish settlement of Krasnaya Sloboda (Red Settlement). More adventurous travelers seize the chance to visit the mountain villages of Griz and Khinalig that have preserved their ancient lifestyles.
The native ripe red apple is Guba’s symbol, which also has beautiful nature, many attractive historical sights and carefully preserved cultural heritage. The Afurja waterfall in Guba is included in the list of the Natural Sites of Special Interest of Azerbaijan. The region’s colony of griffon vultures has been included in the Red Book.
The Guba school of carpet making has global iconic status and local hospitality is legendary. This land, once visited by the French writer Alexandre Dumas and the Norwegian scientist-traveler Thor Heyerdahl, is now ready to welcome visitors. The upmarket hotels and recreation centers will satisfy the most demanding tourists.
Shamakhi one of the ancient cities in Azerbaijan established in the 5th century BC. In the 9th -16th centuries it was the capital of Shirvan Empire, a residence of Shirvan. Nowadays Shamakhi is a recognized center of winemaking and carpet weaving. Besides, it is a city of literature since it was the native land of many Azerbaijani poets. Right near Shamakhi, there is an amazing place called Pirkuli famous for its snowy hills. It is probably the only place in sunny Azerbaijan where you can enjoy natural landscapes of Caucasus Mountains.
Ismayilli is located on the slopes of Greater Caucasus Mountains, in the northern part of Azerbaijan. As the height level differs so much in Ismayilli (200m-3629m), nature is adapted to various climates in each landscape. One of the highest peaks of Greater Caucasus – Babadagh Mountain is situated in the territory of Ismayilli district. However, the majority of flora belongs to forests on the mountains. The difference of Ismayilli forests is their color. Moreover, regardless of the season, Ismayilli forests contain plenty of sorts of trees, which make the forests look like not only green but like a colorful tableau of a painter. If you want to enjoy the nature and the beauty around, trekking and hiking are recommended. Apart from its astonishing forests, there are many small lakes inside those forests, which make the view even more beautiful.
It is the beautiful part of Azerbaijan with a rich nature and ancient history. In the past, this city (Kabbalah) was the capital of Caucasian Albania for 600 years. There are the so-called Russian forest, river valleys, the famous Chestnut forest, and numerous picturesque villages Vyandam, Gamarvan, Engidzha, mountainous village of Laza where since not long time ago tourists can get even riding a quad bike provided by hotel Gafgaz. There is Nij village inhabited by Udi, direct descendants of the ancient Caucasian Albanians.
It is one of the ancient cities of Azerbaijan with the history of the city being dated back to more than 2700 years. Within the long period of the lifetime, architecture and the culture of the city passed through different ages and became unique. Therefore, it is possible to find here architectural buildings from various centuries.
Ganja – a city dates back to the 9th century. The city was built by an Arab governor which name means “treasure”. Ganja is located in the western part of Azerbaijan, and it is the second largest city in the country. An interesting fact about the city is its buildings. So that, the buildings in the city were made of brick, which gives a beautiful red color to the city. All the buildings regardless of their purpose of use, such as universities, mosques and resident houses – all are made of red bricks.
As part of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Nakhichevan is located in South Asia, west of Azerbaijan proper and separated from this main territory by the narrow strip of Armenia. The landmass of Nakhichevan is 5,500 square kilometers, occupying the southern slopes of the Darlagez range and the southwestern slopes of the Zangezur Mountains. The Araz river valley extends between these two ranges. Almost 75 percent of the territory is located at an elevation of 1,000 meters. Gapydjik, located in the Zangezur range, is the highest peak in the region at 3,904 meters. The region is also known for its volcanic domes and its frequent, severe earthquakes.
The area is rich in mineral deposits including marble, gypsum, lime, and sulfur. There are abundant mineral springs including Badamli, Sirab, Nagajir, and Kiziljir.
Nakhichevan's climate is continental, its temperature ranging from 26 degrees Celsius in summer months to -6 degrees Celsius in winter. The pre-arazian plains region can be described as semiarid. Aside from the Araz, there are about forty smaller rivers in the country fed by rain and the mountain runoff of melting snows.